A Level Physics – Programme of Study

A LEVEL PHYSICS

Year 12

Year/TermMonthweekLessonsSubject TitlesAssignment/Homework
Topic 1
01-????September19SI base and derived units.
Measurement & techniques.
Significant figures scientific notation, standard form and prefixes.
Past paper questions
Topic 2
01-????September29Derive equations of motion
Practise problems in one dimension.
Measurement of the acceleration of free fall.
Distance, displacement, speed, velocity and acceleration.
Displacement/time and velocity/time graphs and their interpretation, for motion with uniform and non-uniform acceleration
Questions from textbook
01-????September39Free-body force diagrams
Newton’s second law of motion
Acceleration, mass and force.
Mass and weight.
Newton’s third law and Newton’s first law of motion.
Worksheet
01-????September49Introduce vectors and vector addition
Practise calculations scale drawing
Parallelogram law
Bodies in equilibrium: vector forces on body sum to zero, triangle of forces
Resolution of vectors into two components at right angles to each other by calculation and scale drawing.
IOP website research
01-????September/
October
59Work done and energy transfer
K.E. & G.P.E.
Derivation of:
?Egrav = mg?h
?W = F?s
?W = F?s.cos?
Principle of conservation of energy and application to mechanical situations
Past paper questions
01-????October69Discuss useful work done ? efficiency.
Efficiency = [useful power output]/ [total power) input.
Questions from textbook
01-????October79Linear momentum
Principle of conservation of linear momentum as a consequence of Newton’s laws of motion.
Collision problems in one dimension.
Worksheet
01-????November89Projectiles.
Independence of vertical and horizontal motion
IOP website research
01-????November99Centre of gravity
Moment of a force; the principle of moments.
Past paper questions
Topic 3
01-????November109Current as rate of flow of charge:
p.d. as work done per unit charge:
Define resistance,
Ohm’s law.
Questions from textbook
01-????November119Series and parallel circuits
Kirchhoff’s laws.
Resistor combinations (series and parallel)
Worksheet
01-????November129I-V characteristics of: ohmic conductors, filament bulbs, thermistors and diodes
Electrical energy
Electrical power
IOP website research
01-????November/
December
139Potential divider
Demonstration of variation of resistance of thermistor with change of temperature and LDR with change of light level.
Past paper questions
01-????December149e.m.f as work done per unit charge:
e.m.f. and internal resistance.
Questions from textbook
02-????January159Resistivity
Conduction mechanisms:
distinction between metals, semiconductors and insulators.
The transport equation
Worksheet
Topic 4
02-????January169Density, upthrust, viscosity, laminar and turbulent flow
Stokes’ law,
IOP website research
02-????January179Hooke’s law
Force-extension and force-compression graphs
Idea of limit of proportionality, elastic limit, yield point, elastic deformation and plastic deformation (including relation to graphs)
Stress, strain, the Young modulus
Past paper questions
02-????January189Tensile/compressive stress-strain graphs and understanding the term breaking stress.
Elastic strain energy in a deformed material sample from the area under the force/extension graph
Questions from textbook
Topic 5
02-????February199Mechanical progressive wave properties.
Introduce wave types: transverse, longitudinal
Graphs representing transverse and longitudinal waves.
Worksheet
02-????February209Wavefronts, coherence, path difference and phase
Principle of superposition and interference
Stationary waves
IOP website research
02-????February219Patterns of nodes and antinodes for stretched strings and open and closed air columns
Speed of a transverse wave on a string:
Past paper questions
02-????February/
March
229Diffraction: single slit wave diffraction
Width of central maximum linked to relative sizes of wavelength and slit.
The diffraction grating,
Questions from textbook
02-????March239Intensity
Waves meeting an interface between two media
pulse echo techniques
Refraction, refractive index and Snell’s law
Critical angle and total internal reflection.
Worksheet
02-????March249An understanding that image formation in lenses is due to refraction.
Definition of focal length of a lens
Ray diagrams for converging and diverging lenses.
Real and virtual images and their properties
Simple lens equation
IOP website research
03-????April259Focal length and power of a lens for thin lenses in combination
linear magnification
Understand what is meant by plane polarisation
Past paper questions
03-????April269Photon model
The electron volt
Atomic line spectra.
Energy level ‘ladder’ diagrams.
Ground & ‘excited’ states, choice of routes back ? photons emitted
Questions from textbook
03-????April279The photoelectric effect
Work function and the photoelectric equation
Worksheet
03-????April289Wave-particle duality
Wave properties of free electrons
Electron diffraction demonstration.
IOP website research
Topic 6
03-????May299Impulse momentum theoremPast paper questions
03-????May309Conservation of linear momentum.
Collision problems in two dimensions
Elastic and inelastic collisions.
The kinetic energy of a non-relativistic particle.
Questions from textbook
03-????May319Radian measure
Angular displacement
Angular velocity
Angular frequency
Worksheet
03-????May329Centripetal accelerationIOP website research
Topic 7
03-????June339Electrostatic phenomena and electric charge.
Electric field strength
Past paper questions
03-????June349Force between point charges.
Coulomb’s Law
Electric field strength due to a point charge
Questions from textbook
03-????June359Electric potential
Uniform field (between parallel plates):
Force on charges q entering a field:
Radial fields
Radial and uniform electric fields (field lines and equipotentials) [compare with gravitational fields]
Worksheet
03-????July369Define capacitance
Energy stored by a capacitor derived from the area under a graph of potential difference against charge stored
IOP website research
cteristics of: ohmic conductorsfilament bulbsthermistors and diodes
Electrical energy
Electrical power"IOP website research
01-????November/
December
139Potential divider
Demonstration of variation of resistance of thermistor with change of temperature and LDR with change of light level.
Past paper questions
01-????December149e.m.f as work done per unit charge:
e.m.f. and internal resistance.
Questions from textbook
02-????January159Resistivity
Conduction mechanisms:
distinction between metals, semiconductors and insulators.
The transport equation
Worksheet
Topic 4
02-????January169Density, upthrust, viscosity, laminar and turbulent flow
Stokes’ law,
IOP website research
02-????January179Hooke’s law
Force-extension and force-compression graphs
Idea of limit of proportionality, elastic limit, yield point, elastic deformation and plastic deformation (including relation to graphs)
Stress, strain, the Young modulus
Past paper questions
02-????January189Tensile/compressive stress-strain graphs and understanding the term breaking stress.
Elastic strain energy in a deformed material sample from the area under the force/extension graph
Questions from textbook
Topic 5
02-????February199Mechanical progressive wave properties.
Introduce wave types: transverse, longitudinal
Graphs representing transverse and longitudinal waves.
Worksheet
02-????February209Wavefronts, coherence, path difference and phase
Principle of superposition and interference
Stationary waves
IOP website research
02-????February219Patterns of nodes and antinodes for stretched strings and open and closed air columns
Speed of a transverse wave on a string:
Past paper questions
02-????February/
March
229Diffraction: single slit wave diffraction
Width of central maximum linked to relative sizes of wavelength and slit.
The diffraction grating,
Questions from textb

Year 13

Year/TermWeekMonthLessonsSubject titlesAssignment/homework
13-JanSeptember19Charge and discharge capacitor through fixed resistor to obtain exponential decay curve
for capacitor discharge
Derive and use related equations for discharge in a resistor-capacitor circuit and the corresponding log equations
Time constant, RC as the time taken for charge to fall to 37 per cent of initial value.
Past paper questions
13-JanSeptember29Magnetic field line patterns
Right hand grip rule
Demonstrate motor effect
FlemingÕs left hand rule
Magnitude of B for a wire and a charged particle
Application to motors, moving coil meters and loudspeakers.
Questions from textbook
13-JanSeptember39Magnetic flux density, flux and flux linkage
Origins of EM induction
FaradayÕs law
LenzÕs law and energy conservation.
Worksheet
13-JanSeptember49Transformer effect
Effect of turns-ratio on transformer output
LenzÕs law and energy conservation laminated core ? eddy currents.
IOP website research
13-JanOctober59Simple a.c. theory
Peak and root-mean-square values of current and voltage.
Past paper questions
TOPIC 8: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS
13-JanOctober69Structure of the atom
Rutherford scattering experiments
The thermionic effect
Charged particles in a magnetic field
Questions from textbook
13-JanOctober79Mass increase as speed increases; particles can never reach the speed of light.
High energy scattering experiments.
Worksheet
Half term
13-JanOctober/
November
89Creation and annihilation of matter and antimatter particles
Non-SI units of MeV and GeV (energy) and MeV/c2, GeV/c2 (mass)
Principles of cloud, bubble & spark chambers, ionisation detectors.
IOP website research
13-JanNovember99The standard model
Particle collisions: interpretation in terms of conservation laws.
Past paper questions
Topic 9
13-JanNovember109Ideal gases
Equation of state
Concept of absolute zero
Questions from textbook
13-JanNovember119Kinetic theory
Temperature and molecular kinetic energy
Concept of internal energy
Worksheet
13-JanNovember/
December
129Specific heat capacity
Specific latent heat
IOP website research
13-JanDecember139Black bodies
Stefan-Boltzmann law
WienÕs law
Intensity
Past paper questions
Topic 10
13-JanDecember149Trigonometric parallax (not parsecs)
Standard candles
Intensity inverse square law
A simple Hertzsprung-Russell diagram and its relation to the life cycle of stars
Main sequence, white dwarfs and red giants.
Questions from textbook
End of Term
13-FebJanuary159Doppler effect for em-radiation
Redshift
HubbleÕs law
Gravitational attraction slows expansion of Universe. Average mass-energy density of the Universe affects whether indefinite expansion or final contraction.
The Hubble constant
Dark matter.
Worksheet
Topic 11
13-FebJanuary169Processes of fission and fusion
Mechanism of nuclear fusion
Extreme condition required for fusion.
IOP website research
13-FebJanuary179Nuclear binding energy
Mass deficit
Background radiation
Nature and properties of alpha, beta and gamma radiation
Past paper questions
13-FebJanuary/
February
189Radioactivity as a random process
Activity
Exponential decay equations and the corresponding log. equations.
Questions from textbook
Topic 12
13-FebFebruary199Radial gravitational field of the Earth
Inverse square law
NewtonÕs law of gravitation
Derive and use the equation for the gravitational field due to a point mass
Worksheet
13-FebFebruary209Application to satellite orbitsIOP website research
Topic 13
13-FebFebruary/
March
219Conditions for simple harmonic motion
Equations of shm
Past paper questions
13-FebMarch229Displacement-time and velocity-time graphical variations for an oscillating object
Equation for a simple harmonic oscillator
Questions from textbook
and a simple pendulum.
13-FebMarch239Resonance
Free and forced oscillations
Damping
Worksheet
13-FebMarch249RevisionPast paper questions
13-FebMarch259RevisionPast paper questions
END OF TERM
13-MarApril269RevisionPast paper questions
13-MarApril279RevisionPast paper questions
13-MarMay289RevisionPast paper questions
13-MarMay299Revision Ð Beginning of A level ExaminationsPast paper questions
13-MarMay309RevisionPast paper questions
13-MarMay319RevisionPast paper questions
13-MarJune329RevisionPast paper questions
13-MarJune339RevisionPast paper questions
13-MarJune349Revision Ð End of A level ExaminationsPast paper questions
motor effect
FlemingÕs left hand rule
Magnitude of B for a wire and a charged particle
Application to motors moving coil meters and loudspeakers."Questions from textbook
13-JanSeptember39Magnetic flux density, flux and flux linkage
Origins of EM induction
FaradayÕs law
LenzÕs law and energy conservation.
Worksheet
13-JanSeptember49Transformer effect
Effect of turns-ratio on transformer output
LenzÕs law and energy conservation laminated core ? eddy currents.
IOP website research
13-JanOctober59Simple a.c. theory
Peak and root-mean-square values of current and voltage.
Past paper questions
TOPIC 8: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS
13-JanOctober69Structure of the atom
Rutherford scattering experiments
The thermionic effect
Charged particles in a magnetic field
Questions from textbook
13-JanOctober79Mass increase as speed increases; particles can never reach the speed of light.
High energy scattering experiments.
Worksheet
Half term
13-JanOctober/
November
89Creation and annihilation of matter and antimatter particles
Non-SI units of MeV and GeV (energy) and MeV/c2, GeV/c2 (mass)
Principles of cloud, bubble & spark chambers, ionisation detectors.
IOP website research
13-JanNovember99The standard model
Particle collisions: interpretation in terms of conservation laws.
Past paper questions
Topic 9
13-JanNovember109Ideal gases
Equation of state
Concept of absolute zero
Questions from textbook
13-JanNovember119Kinetic theory
Temperature and molecular kinetic energy
Concept of internal energy
Worksheet
13-JanNovember/
December
129Specific heat capacity
Specific latent heat
IOP website research
13-JanDecember139Black bodies
Stefan-Boltzmann law
WienÕs law
Intensity
Past paper questions
Topic 10
13-JanDecember149Trigonometric parallax (not parsecs)
Standard candles
Intensity inverse square law
A simple Hertzsprung-Russell diagram and its relation to the life cycle of stars
Main sequence, white dwarfs and red giants.
Questions from textbook
End of Term
13-FebJanuary159Doppler effect for em-radiation
Redshift
HubbleÕs law
Gravitational attraction slows expansion of Universe. Average mass-energy density of the Universe affects whether indefinite expansion or final contraction.
The Hubble constant
Dark matter.
Worksheet
Topic 11
13-FebJanuary169Processes of fission and fusion
Mechanism of nuclear fusion
Extreme condition required for fusion.
IOP website research
13-FebJanuary179Nuclear binding energy
Mass deficit
Background radiation
Nature and properties of alpha, beta and gamma radiation
Past paper questions
13-FebJanuary/
February
189Radioactivity as a random process
Activity
Exponential decay equations and the corresponding log. equations.
Questions from textbook
Topic 12
13-FebFebruary199Radial gravitational field of the Earth
Inverse square law
NewtonÕs law of gravitation
Derive and use the equation for the gravitational field due to a point mass
Worksheet
13-FebFebruary209Application to satellite orbitsIOP website research
Topic 13
13-FebFebruary/
March
219Conditions for simple harmonic motion
Equations of shm
Past paper questions
13-FebMarch229Displacement-time and velocity-time graphical variations for an oscillating object
Equation for a simple harmonic oscillator
Questions from textbook
and a simple pendulum.
13-FebMarch239Resonance
Free and forced oscillations
Damping
Worksheet
13-FebMarch249RevisionPast paper questions
13-FebMarch259RevisionPast paper que